Define religion by webster's dictionary, wordnet lexical database, dictionary of computing, legal dictionary, medical dictionary, dream dictionary. A religion is a particular system of belief in a god or gods and the activities that are connected with this system. Scientology, social science and the definition of religion by james a beckford, professor of sociology, university of warwick, england social change and new religious movements by bryan r wilson, emeritus fellow in sociology, oxford university the church of scientology.
Religion is an umbrella term for multiple things and as such, it is difficult to define religion without taking time to highlight the various guises of religion and religious behaviour it occurs in today's confusing and wild world, that religion is a term that is denied by some of those very people who the term encompasses. Religion is a set of rituals, rationalized by myth, which mobilizes supernatural powers for the purpose of achieving or preventing transformations of state in man or nature cunningham, et al. Religious, devout, pious indicate a spirit of reverence toward god religious is a general word, applying to whatever pertains to faith or worship: a religious ceremony devout indicates a fervent spirit, usually genuine and often independent of outward observances: a deeply devout though unorthodox church member. This definition is important to the study of popular culture and religion because durkheim’s focus in not on the structure of religion, but rather what religions does for those partaking in it.
We need more people to understand the correct definition of religion and the ultimate meaning of the word religion the word religion comes from the latin and while there are a few different translations, the most prevalent roots take you back to the latin word “re-ligare. A definition of religion, and its uses robin horton in recent british anthropology three principal types of working definition have been used in approaching the comparative study of religion. Philosophy of religion: chapter 10 a definition of religion section 4 the definition to satisfy the above requirements and conditions religion must be placed within a category of human phenomena that manifests itself in a manner with features illustrative of the characteristics listed above. A good example of a narrow definition being too narrow is the common attempt to define religion as belief in god, effectively excluding polytheistic religions and atheistic religions while including theists who have no religious belief system.
The definition of religion is a controversial subject in religious studies with scholars failing to agree on any one definition oxford dictionary defines religion as the belief in and worship of a superhuman controlling power, especially a personal god or gods. Define religious religious synonyms, religious pronunciation, religious translation, english dictionary definition of religious adj 1 having or showing belief in and reverence for god or a deity 2 of, concerned with, or teaching religion: a religious text 3 extremely scrupulous. English language learners definition of religious: of or relating to religion: believing in a god or a group of gods and following the rules of a religion: very careful to do something whenever it can or should be done see the full definition for religious in the english language learners dictionary.
Religious, besides meaning having to do with religion, can also mean acting as if something is a religion if you have never missed a broadcast of your favorite tv show for the last five years, then you're religious about it. Encyclopedia of religion and society definition of religion: defining religion is problematic, with some definitions threatening to drive theories and determine conclusions some writers recommend proceeding with study and fashioning definitions only afterward (harrison 1912, weber 1922). To define religion in terms of one characteristic practice – for example, prayer – appears equally inflexible once religion is treated as a label for a type of activity found across cultures and since the dawn of human history.
Some sociologists of religion define conversion as the shift in religious allegiance from one religious tradition to another, from judaism to christianity, for example these scholars would define the shift from the baptist to the catholic tradition as a process of reaffiliation , not conversion (stark and finke 2000: 114. The anthropology of religion is the comparative study of religions in their cultural, social, historical, and material contexts.
Below is a selection of definitions of religion from a variety of sources while no one definition can completely sum up what religion is, together they can bring one to a closer understanding of what we mean when we talk about religion. The very attempt to define religion, to find some distinctive or possibly unique essence or set of qualities that distinguish the religious from the remainder of human life, is primarily a western concern the attempt is a natural consequence of the western speculative, intellectualistic, and scientific disposition. A scientific definition of religion by james w dow abstract religion is a collection of behavior that is only unified in our western conception of it it need not have a natural unity there is no reason to assume, and good reason not.